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Dinghushan | Family List | Caesalpiniaceae | Bauhinia

Bauhinia purpurea L.


Description from Flora of China

Trees or erect shrubs, 7-10 m tall. Bark grayish to dark brownish, thick, smooth; branches puberulent when young, later glabrous. Petiole 3-4 cm; leaf blade suborbicular, 10-15 × 9-14 cm, stiffly papery, abaxially almost glabrous, adaxially glabrous, primary veins 9-11, secondary and higher order veins protruding, base shallowly cordate, apex bifid to 1/3-1/2, lobes slightly acute or rarely rounded at apex. Inflorescence a raceme with few flowers, or a panicle with up to 20 flowers, axillary or terminal. Flower buds fusiform, 4- or 5-ridged, with an obtuse apex. Pedicel 7-12 mm. Calyx open as a spathe into 2 lobes, one with 2 teeth and other 3-toothed. Petals light pink, oblan­ceolate, 4-5 cm, clawed. Fertile stamens 3; filaments ca. as long as petals. Staminodes 5 or 6, 6-10 mm. Ovary stalked, velvety; style curved; stigma slightly enlarged, peltate. Legume linear, flat, 12-25 × 2-2.5 cm; valves woody. Seeds compressed, sub­orbicular, 12-15 mm in diam. Fl. Sep-Nov, fr. next Feb-Mar. 2n = 28.

Widely cultivated as ornamental trees. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [probably only native from Nepal through continental monsoon Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thai­land, Vietnam)].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 小乔木至中乔木;叶深裂达叶全长1/3至1/2,裂片稍尖或钝;花淡红色

花期: 2--3及8--11

果期: 9,1

生境: 栽培

用途: 庭园、行道绿化树;木材可作细工、农具用材;树皮、花及根治烫伤、脓肿,但根皮有剧毒;嫩叶可治咳嗽,又可作饲料;花芽可食

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


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