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Dinghushan | Family List | Caesalpiniaceae | Caesalpinia

Caesalpinia minax Hance

南蛇勒

Description from Flora of China

Caesalpinia morsei Dunn.

Climbers, prickly, puberulent throughout. Leaves to 45 cm; stipules subulate, hard; pinnae 5-8 pairs; leaflets 6-12 pairs, elliptic or oblong, 2-4 × 1.1-1.7 cm, puberulent on mid­vein, base rounded and slightly oblique, apex obtuse-rounded or acute. Racemes or panicles terminal; bracts ovate-lanceolate, apex shortly acuminate. Pedicels ca. 1.5 cm. Sepals 5, ca. 1.3 cm, densely yellowish velutinous. Petals whitish, tinged with purple spots, obovate, ca. 1.8 × 1.2 cm, abaxially and mar­ginally hairy, contiguous at base, apex obtuse-rounded. Stamens 10, slightly shorter than petals, densely pubescent in lower part. Ovary with dense, small spines, 7- or 8-ovuled; style slightly longer than stamens, glabrous. Legume oblong, 7.5-13 × 4-4.5 cm, densely spiny, apex obtuse-rounded, with beak 5-25 mm. Seeds 4-8, elliptic, slightly concave on one side, ca. 1.8 × 1 cm, with cyclic veins. Fl. Mar-May, Jul, Sep, Nov, fr. Apr-Dec.

Mountain valleys, by streams, among bushes; below 100-1500 m. Fujian (cultivated), Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木, 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 披散、藤状有刺灌木;一回羽状复叶,小叶对生,长矩圆形,顶端有芒状突尖;花紫红色,荚果有刺

花期: 3

生境: 生于路旁、村旁、村边

用途: 根、叶治风湿骨痛、跌打、骨哽喉、风热感冒、疮疖(叶)、种子即石莲子,治胃肠炎、膀胱炎、痢疾、跌打、梦遗、头癞等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 石连子、车球仔


 

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