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Dinghushan | Family List | Papilionaceae | Crotalaria

Crotalaria ferruginea (Grah.) Benth.

假地蓝

Description from Flora of China

Crotalaria bodinieri H. Léveillé; C. ferruginea var. pilo­sissima Bentham ex Baker; C. lonchophylla Handel-Mazzetti; C. pilosissima Miquel; C. rufescens Franchet.

Herbs, erect to ascending, 20-60(-120) cm tall. Branches brownish yellow spreading pilose. Stipules lanceolate to trian­gular-lanceolate, 5-8 mm. Leaves simple; leaf blade elliptic, 2-6 × 1-3 cm, both surfaces pilose but abaxially more densely so, base slightly cuneate, apex obtuse to acuminate. Racemes ter­minal, 2-6-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 2-4 mm. Pedicel 3-5 mm; bracteoles inserted at base of calyx tube. Calyx 2-lipped, 1-1.2 cm, parted to base, densely pilose; lobes lanceolate. Co­rolla yellow; standard narrowly elliptic, 8-10 mm; wings ob­long, ca. 8 mm; keel ± as long as wings, narrowed apically from middle and extended into a long twisted beak included in or exserted slightly beyond calyx. Ovary subsessile. Legume ob­long, 2-3 cm, 20-30-seeded, glabrous. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Sep-Dec.

Open forests, montane grasslands; 400-2200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiang­xi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木状多年生草本;各部均被黄褐色长糙毛

果期: 10

生境: 见于伯炉坑山谷路旁

用途: 全草药用,有解毒透疹、补中益气、平喘止咳之效,治耳呜耳聋、肾亏遗精、透发麻疹、慢性肾炎、慢性支气管炎、扁桃腺炎及外敷疔毒恶疮等;又可作农药和灭蛆;茎叶可作绿肥和饲料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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