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Dinghushan | Family List | Mimosaceae | Mimosa

Mimosa pudica L.

含羞草

Description from Flora of China

Herbs, diffuse, shrubby, to 1 m tall. Stems cylindric, branched, with reflexed bristles and scattered, curved prickles. Stipules lanceolate, 5-10 mm, bristly; pinnae and leaflets sen­sitive; pinnae usually 2 pairs, digitate, 3-8 cm; leaflets 10-20 pairs, linear-lanceolate, 6-15 × 1.5-3 mm, abaxially slightly hispid, adaxially glabrous, margin ciliate, apex acute. Heads solitary or 2, axillary, globose, ca. 1 cm in diam.; peduncle long; bracts linear. Flowers numerous, pink, small. Calyx mi­nute. Corolla campanulate; lobes outside pubescent. Stamens 4, exserted. Ovary shortly stipitate, glabrous; ovules 3 or 4; style filiform; stigma small. Legumes arranged in a star, slightly re­curved, flat, oblong, 1-2 cm × ca. 5 mm, consisting of 3-5 1-seeded segments which fall away from persistent, bristly su­tures. Seeds light brown, ovoid, ca. 3.5 mm. Fl. Mar-Oct, fr. May-Nov. 2n = 52*.

This plant is grown as an ornamental and used medicinally as a sedative and sleep aid.

Wilderness tracts, wastelands, or cultivated; sea level to 1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangsu, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhe­jiang [native to tropical America; naturalized in tropical regions of the world].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 坡散,亚灌木状草本;

花期: 7

生境: 生于路旁、屋边草地

用途: 全草入药,安神镇静、清热利水、散瘀止痛、止血,治神经衰弱失眼、肠道炎、尿道结石、跌打损伤、劳伤咯血等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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