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Dinghushan | Family List | Papilionaceae | Phaseolus

Phaseolus vulgaris L.

菜豆

Description from Flora of China

Annual herbs, twining or suberect. Stems pubescent or glabrescent when old. Stipules lanceolate, ca. 4 mm; leaflets broadly ovate or obovate-rhombic, lateral ones oblique, 4-16 × 2.5-11 cm, pubescent, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin entire, apex acuminate. Racemes shorter than leaves, usually several flowered at top of rachis. Bracteoles ovate, usually as long as calyx or slightly longer, persistent. Calyx cup-shaped, 3-4 mm, upper lip emarginate. Corolla white, yellow, violet, or red; standard 9-12 mm wide; wings obovate; keel ca. 1 cm, apex spirally twisted. Ovary pubescent. Legumes linear-oblong, 10-15 × 1-1.5 cm, slightly curved and turgid, glabrous, beaked. Seeds 4-10, white, brown, blue, or variegated, oblong or ensi­form, 0.9-2 × 0.3-1.2 cm. Fl. Apr-Jul.

This species is used as a vegetable.

Phaseolus vulgaris var. humilis Alefeld is a variety frequently cultivated in Guangdong.

Cultivated. Throughout China [native to tropical America; widely cultivated everywhere].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 一年生缠绕草质藤本;花白色

花期: 5

生境: 栽培

用途: 荚果供食用;种子入药,有清凉利尿、消肿之效

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 四季豆


 

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