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Dinghushan | Family List | Oxalidaceae | Averrhoa

Averrhoa carambola L.

杨桃

Description from Flora of China

Plants 3-12(-15) m tall, densely branched, young parts finely pubescent or glabrous. Leaves 7-25 cm; petiole 2-8 cm; leaflets (3-)5-13; petiolules 1-2.5 mm; leaflet blades ovate to elliptic, 3-8 × 1.5-4.5 cm, abaxially pubescent to nearly glabrous, base obliquely rounded, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences axillary or rameal, panicles or cymes, branches and flower buds crimson. Flowers numerous, small. Sepals narrowly elliptic, 3-5 mm, base sparingly pubescent. Petals white with purple markings or pink to red with darker markings, 6-9 × 3-4 mm. Shorter stamens sterile, occasionally 1 or 2 fertile. Ovary pubescent. Berry yellow to yellow-brown, oblong, 7-13 × 5-8 cm, deeply (3-)5(or 6)-ribbed, stellate in cross section, very fleshy. Seeds numerous, blackish brown. Fl. Apr-Dec, fr. Jul-Dec.

This species is cultivated throughout the tropics for its fruit, for which there are many cultivars differing in size and flavor.

Cultivated areas, sometimes escaping to roadsides and secondary open forests; below 1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [native to tropical SE Asia].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 乔木;

花期: 6

果期: 夏月

生境: 生于林中或栽培

用途: 水果;果、叶药用,利尿、止泻、化痰、拔毒,健胃、散瘀解热,治风热感冒、小便不通、湿热淋病、咳嗽痰多,外敷疮疖、消化不良及小猪下痢等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 五敛


 

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