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Dinghushan | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Euphorbia

Euphorbia thymifolia L.


Description from Flora of China

Chamaesyce thymifolia (Linnaeus) Millspaugh.

Herbs, annual, 10-20 cm tall. Root fibrous. Stems slender and thin, many from base, usually prostrate, 1-2(-3) mm thick, with many adventitious roots, sparsely pilose. Leaves opposite; stipules lanceolate or linear, 1-1.5 mm, easily fallen; petiole ca. 1 mm; leaf blade rounded or cordate, margin usually finely serrulate, occasionally entire, both surfaces pubescent. Cyathia single or numerous clustered and axillary, peduncle 1-2 mm, sparsely pilose; involucre campanulate to turbinate, ca. 1 × 1 mm, outside shortly pilose, marginal lobes 5, ovate; glands 4, appendage white. Male flowers few, slightly exserted from involucre. Female flower: pedicel short; ovary shortly pubescent; styles free; stigma 2-lobed. Capsule 3-angular-ovoid, ca. 1.5 × 1.3-1.5 mm, smooth, shortly pubescent. Seeds ovoid-tetragonal, ca. 0.7 × 0.5 mm, dark red, each side with 4 or 5 transverse furrows; caruncle absent. Fl. and fr. Jun-Nov.

This species is used medicinally.

Roadsides, grasslands, scrub, fields, very common. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [widely spread in warm countries of both hemispheres].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 匍匐状草本;叶片细小,宽3--5毫米

花期: 4--7

生境: 生于田边、荒地上

用途: 全草入药,清热利湿、收敛止痒,治菌痢、肠炎、皮炎、湿疹、腹泻、乙脑、痔疮出血、风热感冒,外敷恶疮及洗疮搔痒

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 小飞扬


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