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Dinghushan | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Glochidion

Glochidion eriocarpum Champ. ex Benth.

毛果算盘子

Description from Flora of China

Diasperus anamiticus Kuntze; D. eriocarpus (Champion ex Bentham) Kuntze; D. villicaulis (J. D. Hooker) Kuntze; Glochidion anamiticum Kuntze; G. annamense Beille; G. esquirolii H. Léveillé; G. villicaule J. D. Hooker; Phyllanthus eriocarpus (Champion ex Bentham) Müller Argoviensis.

Shrubs or treelets to 5 m tall, monoecious; branchlets densely spreading yellowish or gray-yellow villous. Stipules subulate, 3-4 mm; petiole 1-2 mm, villous; leaf blade ovate, narrowly ovate, or broadly ovate, 4-8 × 1.5-3.5 cm, papery, densely yellowish or gray-villous, but denser abaxially, base obtuse, truncate, or rounded, zygomorphic, apex acuminate or acute; lateral veins 4 or 5 pairs. Flowers axillary, solitary or in 2-4-flowered clusters. Male flowers inserted along lower parts of branchlets; pedicels 4-6 mm; sepals 6, oblong-obovate, 2.5-4 mm, apex acute, sparsely pubescent outside; stamens 3, connate. Female flowers inserted at upper part of branchlets, subsessile; sepals 6, oblong, 2.5-3 mm, villous on both surfaces; ovary depressed globose, densely pubescent, 4- or 5-locular; style column cylindric, erect, ca. 1.5 mm, 4- or 5-lobed. Capsules depressed globose, 8-10 mm in diam., densely yellowish or gray-villous, 4- or 5-grooved, with a cylindric, persistent style column. Fl. and fr. almost throughout year.

All parts or roots and leaves are used as medicine for urticaria, mastitis, toothache, menorrhagia, dysentery, skin eczema, enteritis, etc.

Slopes, valley scrub, grassy areas, sometimes at forest margins; 100-1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;小枝叶两面及果均有毛

果期: 3--9

生境: 生于林下、灌丛、山坡、路旁

用途: 根、叶入药,收敛止泻、祛湿止痒,内服治肠炎、痢疾、跌打、牙痛;外洗治漆树过敏、皮炎等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 漆大姑、漆大伯


 

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