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Dinghushan | Family List | Anacardiaceae | Rhus

Rhus chinensis Mill.


Description from Flora of China

Shrubs to trees, 2-10 m tall; branchlets ferruginous pubescent, lenticellate. Leaf blade sessile, imparipinnately compound; rachis broadly winged to wingless, ferruginous pubescent; leaflets (5-)7-13; leaflet blade ovate to oblong, increasing in size toward apex, 6-12 × 3-7 cm, adaxially dark green, sparsely pubescent or glabrescent, abaxially lighter green, glaucous, and ferruginous pubescent, base rounded to cuneate in terminal leaflet, margin dentate, often crenate, apex acute, lateral veins and reticulate venation impressed adaxially and prominent abaxially. Inflorescence many branched, densely ferruginous pubescent, male ones 30-40 cm, female ones shorter. Pedicel ca. 1 mm, minutely pubescent; flowers white. Male flowers: calyx minutely pubescent, lobes long ovate, ca. 1 mm, with ciliate margins; petals obovate-oblong, ca. 2 mm; stamen filaments ca. 2 mm, anthers ovoid, ca. 0.7 mm; disk annular; ovary reduced to absent. Female flowers: calyx lobes ca. 0.6 mm; petals elliptic-ovate, ca. 1.6 mm; staminodes much reduced; disk annular; ovary ovoid, ca. 1 mm, densely white pubescent, styles 3, stigma capitate. Drupe globose, slightly compressed, 4-5 mm in diam., mixed pilose and glandular-pubescent, red at maturity. Fl. Aug-Sep, fr. Oct.

Lowland, hill, and mountain forests, forests along streams, thickets; 100-2800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木, 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 落叶灌木或小乔木;小叶有毛,边缘有锯齿,翼叶明显

花期: 9

果期: 11

生境: 生于疏林或灌丛中

用途: 根、叶、果及虫瘿(五倍子)入药,有敛肺涩肠、收敛止血、消炎利尿、凉血解毒,活血散瘀之效;根、叶又可制杀虫农药;根皮治蜈蚣咬伤等;虫瘿可用于轻工业,作墨水、黑色染料及塑料用;种子油工业用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


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