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Dinghushan | Family List | Rhamnaceae | Ventilago

Ventilago leiocarpa Benth.

翅核果

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs scandent. Young branches pilose; branchlets brown, striate, glabrous or pubescent. Petiole 3-5 mm, adaxially sparsely pilose; leaf blade ovate-oblong or ovate-elliptic, 4-8 × 1.5-3.2 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially ± densely pubescent or pilose on major veins, adaxially glabrous except for midvein, lateral veins 4-6(or 7) pairs, prominent abaxially, impressed adaxially, base rounded or subrounded, margin subentire, only inconspicuously serrulate, apex acuminate, or shortly acuminate, rarely acute. Flowers small, bisexual, 5-merous, solitary or 2- to few fascicled in axils of leaves, rarely in terminal cymose racemes or cymose panicles, glabrous or sparsely pilose. Pedicel 1-2 mm. Sepals triangular. Petals obovate, apex emarginate. Stamens slightly shorter than petals. Disk pentagonous. Ovary immersed in disk; styles 2-fid or cleft to half. Drupe depressed-globose, 3-5(-6) cm; stone 4-5 mm in diam., glabrous, wing 7-9 mm wide, apex obtuse-rounded, mucronulate, surrounded by persistent calyx tube at base for 1/4-1/3, 1- or 2-loculed, 1-seeded. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Apr-Jul.

The roots are used medicinally for improving the circulatory system and tendons and for treating numbness in limbs, injuries, and trauma.

Sparse forests, thickets; below 1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, S Guizhou, Hunan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木, 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 攀援灌木;

花期: 4

果期: 7

生境: 生于山地、沟边灌丛中

用途: 根补气血、驱风渗湿、舒筋壮骨,治风湿黄痛、腰肌劳损、脾湿肿胀、闭经、贫血等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 血风藤、拉牛入石、入地黄蟮(四会)、九重皮


 

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