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Dinghushan | Family List | Malvaceae | Hibiscus

Hibiscus mutabilis L.

木芙蓉

Description from Flora of China

Abelmoschus mutabilis (Linnaeus) Wallich ex Hasskarl; Hibiscus mutabilis f. plenus S. Y. Hu; H. sinensis Miller; Ketmia mutabilis (Linnaeus) Moench.

Shrubs or small trees, erect, 2-5 m tall, deciduous. Branchlets, petioles, pedicel, epicalyx, and calyx densely stellate and woolly pubescent. Stipules lanceolate, 5-8 mm, usually caducous; petiole 5-20 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to round-ovate or cordate, 5-7-lobed, 10-15 cm in diam., papery, abaxially densely stellate minutely tomentose, adaxially sparsely stellate minutely hairy, lobes triangular, basal veins 7-11, margin obtusely serrate, apex acuminate. Flowers solitary, axillary on upper branches. Pedicel 5-8 cm, articulate near end. Epicalyx lobes 8, filiform, connate at base, 10-16 × ca. 2 mm. Calyx campanulate, 2.5-3 cm, lobes 5, ovate, acuminate. Corolla white or reddish, becoming dark red, ca. 8 cm in diam.; petals nearly orbicular, 4-5 cm in diam., hairy abaxially, barbate at base. Staminal column 2.5-3 cm, glabrous. Styles 5, pilose. Capsule flattened globose, ca. 2.5 cm in diam., yellowish hispid and woolly; mericarps 5. Seeds reniform, villous abaxially. Fl. Aug-Oct.

Hibiscus mutabilis is almost certainly native to SE China but was domesticated a long time ago. It is now cultivated throughout the world and has occasionally become naturalized elsewhere, e.g., in Japan. Cultivars with double flowers have been called H. mutabilis f. plenus (重瓣木芙蓉 chong ban mu fu rong).

● Thickets along streams. Native in Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan, Taiwan, and Yunnan; cultivated in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, and Zhejiang [cultivated and occasionally naturalized elsewhere].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 落叶灌木;花大、美丽、粉红色

花期: 10

果期: 3

生境: 栽培花木

用途: 花、叶及根入药,清热凉血、消肿解毒,消炎止痛,治疮脓肿、乳腺炎、蛇伤、月经过多、肺燥咳血等;茎纤维可制绳、造纸;紫胶虫寄主植物和庭园绿化植物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 芙蓉花


 

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