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Dinghushan | Family List | Sterculiaceae | Helicteres

Helicteres angustifolia L.

山芝麻

Description from Flora of China

Small shrubs, up to 1 m tall. Branchlets gray greenish puberulent. Petiole 5-7 mm; leaf blade narrowly oblong or linear-lanceolate, 3.5-5 × 1.5-2.5 cm, glabrous or nearly so adaxially, gray or yellowish stellate tomentose, or sometimes also hirsute abaxially, base rounded, apex obtuse or acute. Inflorescence cymose, 2- or many-flowered. Pedicel usually with 4 pointed bracteoles. Calyx tube-shaped, ca. 6 mm, stellate puberulent, 5-lobed, lobes triangular. Petals 5, unequal in length, pale blue, pink, or purplish, darker at base of limb, slightly longer than calyx, reflexed at anthesis, uniformly pubescent, claws 2-auriculate. Staminodes linear, very short. Ovary 5-celled, hairy, slightly shorter than style; ovules ca. 10 in each locule. Capsule ovoid-oblong, 12-20 × 7-8 mm, densely setose, setae relatively slender, sparsely hairy, apex acute. Seeds small, brown, with elliptic spots. Fl. almost throughout year.

The bark is a source of useful fibers, and the roots and leaves are used medicinally.

Sloping grasslands. S Fujian, Guangdong, C and S Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, S Yunnan [Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小灌木;

花期: 6

果期: 10

生境: 生于山坡、灌丛、路旁

用途: 根及全株入药,清热解毒,凉血散瘀、滑肠泻火、止血止痒,治感冒高热不退、癍痧大热、热咳痰多、咽喉炎、腹泻、痢疾、蛇伤、痈疽疮肿、刀伤出血、皮肤湿疹等;兽医常用以治牛瘟、锁喉、猪丹毒等症;也为凉茶配料;茎皮纤维可制绳索、混纺原料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 山油麻


 

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Flora of China  
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