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Dinghushan | Family List | Guttiferae | Calophyllum

Calophyllum membranaceum Gardn. et Champ.


Description from Flora of China

Calophyllum spectabile Hooker & Arnott (1833), not Willdenow (1811).

Shrubs to small trees, 1-5 m tall. Young shoots tetragonous, narrowly winged. Petiole 6-10 mm; leaf blade lucid and opaque-brown on both surfaces when dry, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 6-12 × 1.5-3.5 cm, thinly leathery, midvein raised on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin revolute, apex acute, acuminate, or caudate-acuminate. Cyme axillary and terminating short axillary shoots, (1-)3(-5)-flowered, 2.5-3 cm, puberulous. Pedicels 5-8 mm, glabrous. Flowers reddish white. Sepals 4; outer 2: suborbicular, ca. 4 mm; inner 2: obovate, ca. 8 mm. Petals 4, obovate, equal in size, ca. 8 mm. Ovary ovoid; stigma subulate. Mature fruit yellow, ovoid-oblong, 1.2-2 cm, apiculate. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Aug-Oct(-Dec).

The roots and leaves are used as medicine for traumatic injuries or rheumatoid arthritis.

Dense or sparse forests on hills; (200-)600-1000 m. S Guangdong, S Guangxi (coast), Hainan [Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;

花期: 5

果期: 9月至冬季

生境: 生于自然林、混交林下

用途: 药用,根去瘀止痛、补肾壮腰,治风湿骨痛、跌打损伤、月经不调;叶研粉敷治外伤出血

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 薄叶红厚壳、薄叶胡桐


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