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Dinghushan | Family List | Guttiferae | Garcinia

Garcinia oblongifolia Champ.


Description from Flora of China

Trees or shrubs, 5-15 m tall, to 30 cm in diam. Bark dark gray. Branchlets usually with interrupted rings. Petiole ca. 1 cm; leaf blade oblong, obovate-oblong to oblanceolate, 5-10 × 2-3.5 cm, subleathery, midvein slightly raised adaxially, secondary veins 10-18 pairs, tertiary veins reticulate, base cuneate, margin reflexed, apex acute or obtuse. Plant dioecious; flowers solitary or in an umbel-like cyme; pedicels 3-7 mm. Male flowers: sepals suborbicular, equal, 3-5 mm; petals orange or yellowish, obovate-oblong, 7-9 mm; stamen fascicles not evident; anthers aggregated into a head, 2-celled, cells longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: sepals and petals similar to those of males; staminode fascicles free, shorter than pistil; ovary ovoid, 8-10-loculed; style absent; stigma peltate, convex, radiately 8-10-lobed, papillate. Fruit ovoid or globose, 2-4 × 2-3.5 cm, subtended by persistent sepals at base and crowned by convex stigma. Seeds 1. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Oct-Dec.

The fruit is edible. The seeds yield ca. 60% oil (seed pulp up to 70% oil). The oil is used as a lubricant and for manufacturing soap. The timber is used for making furniture and woodcuts. The bark contains 3%-8% tannin.

● Dense or sparse forests on plains, hills, or in valleys; 200-400 (-1200) m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小乔木或乔木

花期: 5

果期: 9

生境: 生于林中、山坡、疏林、路旁

用途: 用途参阅山竹子,但木材易生虫、不耐腐

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 黄牙果、长叶山竹子


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