All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
Dinghushan | Family List | Cactaceae | Opuntia

Opuntia dillenii (Ker-Gawl.) Haw.

仙人掌

Description from Flora of China

Cactus dillenii Ker Gawler, Bot. Reg. 3: t. 255. 1818; Opuntia stricta (Haworth) Haworth var. dillenii (Ker Gawler) L. Benson.

Shrubs sprawling or erect, 1-3 m tall. Trunk absent or short. Larger, terminal joints green to gray-green, obovate or elliptic-obovate to suborbicular, 10-35(-40) × 7.5-20(-25) cm. Areoles 2-9 mm in diam. Spines 1-12(-20) per areole on most areoles, spreading, yellow, ± brown banded or mottled, subulate, straight or curved, 1.2-4(-6) cm, basally flattened; glochids yellow. Leaves subulate, 4.5-6 mm, deciduous. Flowers 5-9 cm in diam. Sepaloids greenish with yellow margin, broadly deltoid-obovate to obovate, 10-25 × 6-12 mm, margin entire or slightly crisped, apex mucronate. Petaloids spreading, bright yellow, obovate or cuneate-obovate, 25-30 × 12-20 mm, margin entire or slightly undulate, apex rounded, truncate, or emarginate. Filaments yellow, ca. 12 mm; anthers yellow, ca. 1.5 mm. Style yellow or yellowish, 12-20 mm; stigmas 5, pale green, ca. 4.5 mm. Fruit purple, turbinate to obovoid, 4-6 × 2.5-3(-4) cm, fleshy at maturity, umbilicus deep. Seeds light tan, irregularly orbicular, 4-5 × 4-4.5 mm. Fl. Jun-Oct(-Dec).

This species was first recorded in China in 1702.

Thickets, rocks, sandy soils, also cultivated as a hedge; near sea level. S Guangdong, S Guangxi, Hainan [native to the Caribbean region; widely introduced and naturalized in tropical regions].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 灌木状肉质,有刺植物;

花期: 春月

生境: 栽培

用途: 根及全株药用,有消肿解毒,健胃利尿、消炎镇咳之效;外用治乳腺炎、烫火伤、疮毒,蛇伤、石胝,内服治菌痢、咳嗽、胃痛;果可食;其红色汁液可染糕糍;绿篱;观赏花卉

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |