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Dinghushan | Family List | Myrtaceae | Rhodomyrtus

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk.

桃金娘

Description from Flora of China

Myrtus tomentosa Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 159. 1789; M. canescens Loureiro.

Shrubs, 1-2 m tall. Branchlets grayish tomentose. Leaves opposite; petiole 4-7 mm; leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 3-8 × 1-4 cm, leathery, pubescent when young but glabrescent and shiny with age, abaxially gray tomentose, secondary veins 1 on each side of midvein, originating near leaf blade base, and meeting at apex, tertiary veins 4-6 on each side of midvein and connecting midvein to secondary veins, reticulate veins obvious, intramarginal veins 3-4 mm from margin, base broadly cuneate, apex rounded to obtuse and often slightly emarginate or sometimes slightly apiculate. Flowers 1[-3], stipitate, 2-4 cm in diam. Hypanthium obovoid, ca. 6 mm, gray tomentose. Calyx lobes 5, subrounded, 4-5 mm, persistent. Petals 5, violet, obovate, 1.3-2 cm. Stamens red, 7-8 mm. Ovary 3(or 4)-loculed. Style ca. 1 cm. Berry purplish black when mature, urceolate, 1.5-2 × 1-1.5 cm. Fl. Apr-May.

Coppices, mountain slopes, low hills, grasslands. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, S Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;花紫红色,浆果熟时紫黑色

花期: 夏月

果期: 8--10

生境: 生于灌丛、疏林

用途: 果可食及酿酒;全株药用,根通经活络、收敛止泻,治慢性痢疾、风湿骨痛、心气痛、肝炎、叶收敛止泻、止血生肌,治菌痢、疮疖,外伤出血、泄泻;花治肺结核咳血;果养血安神、补肾固精,亦可消肿解毒,外敷蛇伤;根、皮、枝、叶含单宁,可提制栲 胶、黄红色染料及补漏木桶

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 岗稔、山稔、稔子树


 

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