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Dinghushan | Family List | Melastomataceae | Melastoma

Melastoma dodecandrum Lour.

铺地锦

Description from Flora of China

Asterostoma repens (Desrousseaux) Blume; Melastoma repens Desrousseaux; Osbeckia repens (Desrousseaux) Candolle.

Shrublets 10-30 cm tall. Stems often repent; branchlets numerous, procumbent, strigose when young, later glabrous. Petiole 0.2-0.6(-1.5) cm; leaf blade ovate to elliptic, 1-4 × 0.8-2(-3) cm, stiffly papery, abaxially very remotely strigose along veins, adaxially usually strigose at margin only or sometimes sparsely strigose among veins, secondary veins 1 or 2 on each side of midvein, tertiary veins numerous and parallel, base broadly cuneate, margin densely serrulate or entire, apex acute. Inflorescences terminal, cymose, (1-)3-flowered, with 2 leaflike bracts at base. Pedicel 2-10 mm, strigose, apically 2-bracteolate; bracteoles ovate, 2-3 × ca. 1.5 mm, abaxially strigose, margin ciliate. Hypanthium ca. 5 mm, strigose, base of trichomes conically inflated. Calyx lobes lanceolate, 2-3 mm, sparsely strigose, margin bristly ciliate. Petals lavender to purple, rhomboid-obovate, 1.2-2 × 1-1.5 cm, apically oblique. Longer stamens with purple anthers; connective long extended at base, curved, apex 2-tuberculate. Shorter stamens with connective not extended, apex 2-tuberculate. Ovary inferior, apically bristly. Fruit urceolate-globular, 7-9 × ca. 7 mm, succulent, strigose. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jul-Sep.

Open fields, thickets, grasslands, trailsides; below 1300 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang [Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 披散或匍匐状亚灌木;

花期: 5--8

果期: 9--10

生境: 生于草坡、疏林下

用途: 全株入药,有收敛止泻、解毒止痒、止血、活血、除湿热、补血安胎之效,治菌痢、对水泻、便血有卓效,并治腰腿痛、风寒湿痹、孕妇贫血、白带、吐血、胎动不安、疮疖、疥癞等症;又可解木薯、鸡磷化锌中毒有良效;果熟可食;可作堤坝水土保持植物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 地稔、山地稔


 

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