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Dinghushan | Family List | Umbelliferae | Eryngium

Eryngium foetidum L.

刺芫荽

Description from Flora of China

Plants 8–40 cm high from a basal rosette. Taproot fusiform with fibrous roots. Stem green. Basal leaves numerous; petiole short or obsolete, sheath up to 3 cm; blade lanceolate or oblanceolate, entire, 5–25 × 1.2–4 cm, venation pinnately reticulate, base cuneate to decurrent, apex obtuse, callous-margined, crenate to finely spinulose-serrate. Upper leaves sessile, opposite deeply spinulose-serrate to parted. Inflorescence divaricately trifurcate; lateral branches often continuing to form a monochasium, heads numerous, short-pedunculate. Flower heads cylindrical, 5–12 × 3–5 mm; bracts 4–7, foliaceous, lanceolate, 1.5–3.5 × 0.4–1 cm, spreading to reflexed, margin 1–3-spinulose-serrate; bracteoles lanceolate, 1.5–1.8 × ca. 0.6 mm, brightly scarious-margined. Calyx teeth ovate-lanceolate, 0.5–1 mm, acute, equaling petals. Petals white or pale yellow. Styles erect, ca. 1.1 mm, exceeding calyx teeth. Fruit ovoid-globose, 1.1–1.3 mm, covered with tubercles. Fl. and fr. Apr–Dec.

The leaves are used as a flavoring (similar to Coriandrum sativum), and the species has reputed medicinal value.

Forests, stream banks, moist places, roadsides; 100–1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan [native to Central America; now a widespread weed in tropical and subtropical regions].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生矮小草本;叶边缘有锐刺,有浓烈芫荽气味

花期: 4

生境: 生于湿润草地

用途: 叶可作调香料,全草入药,有疏风清热、行气消滞之效

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 泽芫荽、香信


 

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