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Dinghushan | Family List | Cornaceae | Aucuba

Aucuba chinensis Benth.


Description from Flora of China

Trees or shrubs, 3–6(–12) m tall; branches green, dichotomous, stout, smooth. Petiole 2–4 cm, stout, smooth; leaf blade abaxially light green, adaxially deep green, elliptic to broadly elliptic, rarely obovate-elliptic or linear-lanceolate, 7–25 × 1.5–8 cm, leathery or thickly leathery, midvein raised abaxially, conspicuous adaxially; lateral veins 6–8(–10) pairs, sometimes emerging at right angle from midvein, base broadly cuneate or cuneate, slightly oblique, margin slightly revolute, often serrate or glandular dentate with 5–8 teeth, apex acute or cuspidate. Staminate inflorescences loosely paniculate, 5–13 cm; branches densely pubescent. Carpellate inflorescence shortly paniculate, shorter than staminate, 2.5–5 cm; branches densely pubescent. Staminate flowers: calyx 4-dentate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; petals 4, green (in Feb), yellow, or purplish red, oblong or ovate, 3–4 × 2–2.5 mm, apex cuspidate, rolled outward; stamens 4, ca. 3 mm, surrounding disk, anthers yellow, locules 2; disk fleshy, slightly 4-angled; pedicel ca. 3 mm, pubescent; bracteole 1, lanceolate, ca. 3 mm. Carpellate flowers yellow green or yellowish; calyx and petals similar to staminate flowers, but apex of petals acute; ovary cylindrical; style stout; stigma capitate, slightly leaning to one side; disk fleshy, slightly 4-lobed; bracteoles at base of pedicel 2, lanceolate, 4–6 mm. Fruit bright red or dark red, cylindrical or ovoid, 1.4–1.8 cm, 8–10(–12) mm in diam. Fl. Jan–Feb, fr. Feb, often with fruit from preceding two years. 2n = 16.

Forests; 300–1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Myanmar, N Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;叶长椭圆形至倒卵状长圆形,边缘有疏锯齿

花期: 2--4

生境: 生于鸡笼山林中

用途: 叶治跌打、烧烫伤、痔疾等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


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