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Dinghushan | Family List | Myrsinaceae | Embelia

Embelia laeta (L.) Mez

酸藤子

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs scandent. Branchlets straight, flexuous, or geniculate, terete, 1.5-2 mm in diam., glabrous or densely reddish glandular papillose-tomentose. Petiole canaliculate and marginate, 5-9 mm, indument as in branchlets; leaf blade obovate or oblanceolate, (1.7-)3-6(-7.5) × (0.6-)1.5-2(-3) cm, papery, dull, glabrous, base cuneate, margin flat or revolute, entire, apex acute or rounded to obtuse, usually minutely emarginate; midrib impressed adaxially; lateral veins inconspicuous, 6-10 on each side of midrib. Inflorescences axillary, subcorymbose subumbellate, to puberulent, 3-15-flowered, with 1 or 2 series of scales at base; bracts ovate, cucullate, subulate or oblong, 1-1.3 mm, sparsely glandular granulose, margin entire, glandular ciliate, apex obtuse. Flowers white or yellowish, 4-merous, staminate 2-2.5(-3) mm, pistillate 1.5-2 mm. Pedicel 2-4 mm in staminate, 1.5-2 in pistillate, glabrous or glandular puberulent. Sepals ovate or triangular, glabrous or glandular puberulent, red punctate, margin subentire, apex acute. Petals free, ovate or oblong, membranous, glabrous outside, densely glandular granulose inside, entire, glandular ciliate, apex obtuse or rounded. Stamens exserted 1-1.5 mm in staminate flowers, ca. 1/3 petal length in pistillate; anthers broadly cordate, apex acute. Ovary glabrous. Style straight, punctate; stigma subcapitate, 2- or 3-lobed. Fruit globose, 5-8 mm in diam., densely pellucid punctate.

100-2000(-3000) m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan [Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam]

生活型: 灌木, 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 藤状灌木或藤本;叶倒卵形,基部楔形,果熟时紫黑色

花期: 12月至次年3月

果期: 6

生境: 生于山坡灌丛中

用途: 根、叶入药,收敛止泻、散瘀止痛,治跌打肿痛、肠炎、痢疾、闭经、食滞、咽喉炎等;又作兽药,治牛伤食膨胀;果酸甜可食,又有强壮补血及治维生素丙缺乏症

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 酸果藤、酸味叶(高要)


 

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