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Dinghushan | Family List | Myrsinaceae | Embelia

Embelia parviflora Wall.


Description from Flora of China

Embelia myrtifolia Hemsley & Mez; Embelia pulchella Mez; Ribesiodes parviflorum (Wallich ex A. de Candolle) Kuntze; Samara parviflora (Wallich ex A. de Candolle) Kurz.

Shrubs scandent, villous-tomentose on branchlets, petioles, pedicels, and inflorescences, otherwise villous. Branchlets terete, 2.5-3 mm in diam., sparsely lenticellate, glandular. Petiole canaliculate, 0.5-1 mm; leaf blade ovate or broadly so, 1-1.5(-2.5) × 0.6-1(-1.3) cm, papery, glossy, glabrous, sparsely red punctate near apex, villous or scaly abaxially, base broadly rounded to truncate or cordate, margin entire, apex obtuse or rounded; midrib impressed adaxially; lateral veins inconspicuous. Inflorescences axillary, staminate usually cymose, 7-10(-15) mm, (1-)2-4(-6)-flowered; pistillate usually subumbellate, 4-7(-10) mm, (2-)3-5-flowered; bisexual fasicled, 3-5(-7) mm, 3-8-flowered, pendulous; bracts lanceolate to subulate, 0.6-1 mm, red punctate, densely villous. Flowers white or greenish white, 5-merous, membranous, staminate 2.5-3 mm, pistillate 1.8-2.3 mm, bisexual 2-2.5 mm. Pedicel 3-8 mm in staminate, 2-5 in pistillate, 0.5-1.5 mm in bisexual. Sepals ovate, subdeltate, or oblong, densely red punctate, glabrous except sparsely villous basally, margin entire, glandular ciliate. Petals free, ovate, lanceolate, or oblong, papery, glabrous outside, red or black punctate, densely red glandular granulose inside, margin glandular ciliate, apex obtuse or emarginate. Stamens slightly longer than petals in staminate flowers, ca. 3/4 petal length in bisexual flowers; anthers broadly ovate in staminate, ovate in bisexual, and lanceolate in pistillate flowers, base cordate, apex acute or slightly emarginate, connective densely black punctate. Style sparsely glandular papillate basally; stigma capitate, 4-lobed. Fruit dull red, globose, 3-5 mm in diam., red punctate-lineate. Fl. Dec-May, fr. Jan-Nov.

Embelia pulchella is tentatively placed in the synonymy of E. parviflora. It differs in being red punctate and hairy on the petals, ovary, and fruit, and in having hirsute leaf midrib. It might represent an infraspecific taxon of E. parviflora.

Dense mixed forests, evergreen broad-leaved forests, shrubby areas, hillsides, humus-rich soil, shady places; 300-1800(-2200) m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]

生活型: 灌木, 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 攀援状灌木;小枝及叶背面中脉被棕色短绒毛,叶小,长1--1.5厘米,宽1厘米,卵形或椭圆形,柄短;花小,黄色

花期: 11月至次年2月

果期: 秋月

生境: 生于山谷林中或林缘

用途: 根、茎入药,有通经活血、补虚盖肾之效,治月经不调、白带、胃痛、贫血、不孕症、腰脚痛等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 小花酸藤子


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