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Dinghushan | Family List | Ebenaceae | Diospyros

Diospyros kaki Thunb.

Description from Flora of China

Trees, to 27 m tall, deciduous. Young branchlets densely pubescent to glabrous, sometimes with reddish brown lenticels. Winter buds small, blackish. Petiole 0.8--2 cm; leaf blade lanceolate, elliptic, or ovate, occasionally obovate, 5--18 X 2.6--9 cm, papery, pubescent when young drying brown, adaxially often glabrescent when mature and paler with dark veinlets, base cuneate, subtruncate, or rarely cordate, apex usually acuminate, lateral veins 5--7 per side, reticulate veinlets clearly defined, flat, and dark. Male flowers small, in 3--5-flowered cymes; calyx ± as long as corolla, hairy on both sides, lobes 4; corolla white, yellowish white, or red, 6--10 mm; stamens (14--)16--24. Female flowers solitary; calyx 3 cm or more in diam., lobes 4; corolla usually yellowish white, campanulate, (0.9--)1--1.6 cm, lobes recurved and ovate; staminodes 8(--16); ovary glabrous or pubescent. Fruiting calyx 3--4 cm in diam. Berries yellow to orange, flattened globose to ovoid but usually globose, 2--8.5 cm in diam., 8-locular, glabrescent. Seeds dark brown, 13--16 X 7.5--9 X 4--5 mm. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Sep-Oct.

Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [widely cultivated outside of China, particularly Japan, naturalized in some areas].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 落叶乔木;

花期: 3

果期: 10

生境: 栽培或逸为野生

用途: 果树,果可生食或制柿饼,润肺止咳;柿霜治咽喉痛、咳嗽咽干、柿蒂(宿萼)治呃逆,根清热凉血,治吐血等;可提柿漆降血压及供制油伞等用;木材可制家具、文具、工具等用;叶可作农药及兽药

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
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