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Dinghushan | Family List | Symplocaceae | Symplocos

Symplocos chinensis (Lour.) Druce

华山矾

Description from Flora of China

Myrtus chinensis Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 313. 1790. Prunus paniculata Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14, 463. 1784; Cotoneaster coreanus H. Léveillé; Palura chinensis (Loureiro) Koidzumi; P. chinensis var. pilosa Nakai; P. sinica Miers; Prunus mairei H. Léveillé; Symplocos chinensis (Loureiro) Druce; S. chinensis var. vestita (Hemsley) Handel-Mazzetti; S. crataegoides Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don; S. hunanensis Handel-Mazzetti; S. simaoensis Qian Yi-yong; S. sinica Ker; S. sinica var. vestita Hemsley.

Shrubs or small trees, deciduous. Young branchlets glabrous or ± pilose; old branchlets glabrous. Petiole 3--7 mm; leaf blade ovate, elliptic-obovate, or broadly obovate, usually slightly rhomboid, 1.5--11 X 1--5.5 cm, membranous to thinly papery, abaxially glabrous or pubescent, adaxially glabrous or appressed hairy, base broadly cuneate to subcordate, margin sharply glandular dentate, apex acuminate to acute, lateral veins 4--10 pairs. Panicles terminal, consisting of a raceme of cymose corymbs, 2--10 cm; bracts early deciduous, usually linear, ca. 1(--3) mm, brown glandular. Pedicel 0--10 mm, slender, thickening in fruit, articulate at apex. Ovary obconic, 1--1.5 mm, glabrous or hairy, 2-locular, with 4 ovules per locule. Calyx lobes light yellow, ovate to semi-orbicular, 1--1.5 mm, sometimes abaxially hairy, margin ciliate. Corolla 3--6 mm. Stamens 25--60. Disc 5-glandular, glabrous or hairy. Drupes bluish, rarely white, ovate-globose, 3--8 mm. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Sep-Nov.

Symplocos paniculata does not have priority from 1784, because Miquel cited “Prunus paniculata Thunb. Fl. p. 200?” with an expression of doubt. This species thus has the correct name as Symplocos chinensis (Loureiro) Druce instead of S. paniculata (Thunberg) Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 3: 102. 1867.

Slopes in mixed forests; 800--2500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Xizang, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 落叶灌木;

花期: 3--4

果期: 8--9

生境: 生于林缘路旁及灌丛中

用途: 根、叶药用,祛风除湿、清热解毒、止痢,治痢疾、肾炎、感冒、大热症、蛇伤、刀伤、疮疥等,也作兽药;种子油可制皂

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 无米粥、狗屎木(高要)


 

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