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Dinghushan | Family List | Oleaceae | Jasminum

Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait.

茉莉花

Description from Flora of China

Nyctanthes sambac Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 6. 1753.

Shrubs erect or scandent, to 3 m. Branchlets terete or slightly compressed, sometimes hollow, sparsely pubescent. Leaves opposite, simple; petiole 2-6 mm, articulate, pubescent; leaf blade orbicular to elliptic or obovate, 4-12.5 × 2-7.5 cm, papery, glabrous except for tufted hairs at vein axils abaxially, both ends blunt, sometimes base subcordate; primary veins 4-6 on each side of midrib. Cymes terminal, (1 or)3(or 5)-flowered; bracts subulate, 4-8 mm. Flowers very fragrant. Pedicel 0.3-2 cm. Calyx glabrous or sparsely pubescent; lobes 8-9, linear, 5-7 mm. Corolla white; tube 0.7-1.5 cm; lobes oblong to suborbicular, 5-9 mm broad. Berry purple-black, globose, ca. 1 cm in diam. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 26*.

Widely cultivated for its very fragrant flowers that are used in tea flavoring and in perfumes. The flowers and leaves are also medicinal.

Native to India, widely cultivated in S China and elsewhere in the world

生活型: 灌木, 藤本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 攀援状灌木;花白色

花期: 5

生境: 栽培

用途: 花香,观赏植物;花提取芳香油或熏茶;药用,花痛热解毒,根镇痛麻醉作用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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