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Dinghushan | Family List | Oleaceae | Ligustrum

Ligustrum lucidum Ait.

女贞

Description from Flora of China

Esquirolia sinensis H. Léveillé; Ligustrum compactum (Wallich ex G. Don) J. D. Hooker & Thomson ex Brandis var. latifolium W. C. Cheng; L. esquirolii H. Léveillé; L. lucidum var. esquirolii (H. Léveillé) H. Léveillé; L. lucidum f. latifolium (W. C. Cheng) P. S. Hsu.

Shrubs or trees to 25 m, evergreen or deciduous, glabrous. Branchlets terete. Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade ovate to sometimes broadly elliptic or elliptic to lanceolate, 6-17 × 3-8 cm, leathery or papery, base rounded or sometimes attenuate, apex acute to acuminate or sometimes obtuse; primary veins 4-11 on each side of midrib, slightly raised or obscure. Panicles terminal, 8-20 × 8-25 cm; rachis angular in fruit. Flowers sessile or nearly so. Calyx 1.5-2 mm. Corolla 4-5 mm; tube ca. as long as lobes. Stamens approaching apex of corolla lobes; anthers 1-1.5 mm. Fruit deep blue-black, ripening red-black, reniform or nearly so, 7-10 × 4-6 mm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jul-May.

Evergreen plants with (4 or)5 or 6(-9) primary veins on each side of leaf blade midrib have been recognized as f. lucidum, whereas deciduous plants with 7-11 primary veins on each side of leaf blade midrib as f. latifolium (W. C. Cheng) P. S. Hsu.

Grown for culturing wax insects to obtain white wax. The fruit is used as a tonic.

* Woods; below 2900 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang.

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;

花期: 6

生境: 见于鸡笼山山谷林中

用途: 作绿篱或放养白腊虫;果入药补肾壮腰,治肝肾阴亏、腰膝酸软等;树皮及叶清热解毒、消炎止痢,治口腔炎、咽喉炎、烫火伤、痈肿,根泡酒治风湿

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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