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Dinghushan | Family List | Loganiaceae | Buddleja

Buddleja asiatica Lour.

驳骨丹

Description from Flora of China

Buddleja acuminatissima Blume; B. arfakensis Kanehira & Hatusima; B. amentacea Kraenzlin; B. asiatica var. brevicuspe Koorders; B. asiatica var. densiflora (Blume) Koorders & Valeton; B. asiatica var. salicina (Lamarck) Koorders & Valeton; B. asiatica var. sundaica (Blume) Koorders & Valeton; B. densiflora Blume; B. neemda Buchanan-Hamilton ex Roxburgh; B. neemda var. philippensis Chamisso & Schlechtendal; B. salicina Lamarck; B. serrulata Roth; B. subserrata Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don; B. sundaica Blume; B. virgata Blanco; Vitex esquirolii H. Léveillé.

Shrubs or small trees, 1--8 m tall; young branchlets, leaves abaxially, petioles, and inflorescences densely stellate pubescent or woolly with white, gray, or tawny hairs. Branchlets terete or subterete. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate towards branchlet apex. Petiole 2--15 mm; leaf blade narrowly to very narrowly elliptic, 6--30 X 1--7 cm, adaxially stellate pubescent or glabrous, base cuneate to decurrent, margin subentire or remotely serrate-dentate, apex acuminate, lateral veins 10--14 pairs. Inflorescences terminal and/or axillary, 1--3 or more seemingly racemose cymes together, 5--25 X 0.7--2 cm; bracteoles linear. Pedicel to 2 mm. Calyx campanulate, 1.5--4.5 mm; lobes triangular, outside stellate pubescent or tomentose, inside glabrous. Corolla white, rarely pale violet or greenish; tube 2.5--4.8 mm, outside densely to sparsely stellate pubescent; lobes suborbicular, 1--1.7 X 1--1.5 mm, spreading. Stamens inserted above middle of corolla tube to nearly at mouth, included; anthers oblong. Ovary ovoid to narrowly ovoid, 1--1.5 X 0.8--1 mm, glabrous or scaly. Style short; stigma capitate. Capsules ellipsoid, 3--5 X 1.5--3 mm, glabrous or sparsely and minutely scaly. Seeds pale brown, elliptic, 0.8--1 X 0.3--0.4 mm, short winged at both ends. Fl. Jan-Oct; fr. Mar-Dec.

Medicinal and source of perfume.

Open places, at edge of open forests, open woodlands; 0--2800 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam]

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;

花期: 2--3

生境: 见于罗隐河边

用途: 全株有毒,可毒鱼及作杀虫农药;根、叶入药,驱风化湿、行气活络、解毒止痒,治关节炎、跌打、痢疾、疮毒、蛇伤、皮肤湿疹

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 白头翁(高要金渡)


 

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