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Dinghushan | Family List | Apocynaceae | Trachelospermum

Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem.

石络

Description from Flora of China

Rhynchospermum jasminoides Lindley, J. Hort. Soc. London 1: 74. 1846; Trachelospermum adnascens Hance; T. jasminoides var. heterophyllum Tsiang; T. jasminoides var. variegatum W. T. Miller.

Lianas woody, to 10 m. Stem brownish, lenticellate; young branchlets pubescent, glabrous when older. Petiole 3-12 mm long; leaf blade ovate to obovate or narrowly elliptic, 2-10 X 1-4.5 cm, papery, glabrous or sometimes sparsely pubescent abaxially. Cymes paniculate, terminal and axillary; peduncle 2-6 cm, puberulent to glabrous. Sepals narrowly oblong, 2-5 mm, spreading or reflexed, pubescent outside, ciliate, apex obtuse or acute. Corolla white, tube dilated at middle, 5-10 mm, throat glabrous or pilose facing stamens; lobes obovate, as long as tube. Stamens included, inserted at middle of corolla tube; ovary glabrous. Follicles linear, 10-25 cm X 3-10 mm. Seeds oblong, 1.5-2 cm, coma 1.5-4 cm. Fl. Mar-Aug, fr. Jun-Dec. 2n = 20.

A strong bast fiber obtained from the inner bark is used in making rope, sacks, and paper. The stem is used for the treatment of rheumatism and injury. The flowers yield perfumed oil. The whole plant is poisonous.

Sunny edges of forests, brushwoods; 200-1300 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Vietnam].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质攀附藤本;枝有皮孔,有白色乳汁;花冠黄白色,芳香

花期: 3--4

果期: 8--12

生境: 生于平地路旁、村旁或林缘灌丛中、常攀附树上、石上或墙壁上

用途: 根、茎、叶及花果入药,祛风止痛、活血通络,治风湿痹痛、风寒感冒、痈肿、刀伤及花提取"络石浸膏"等;兽医用老茎治牛风湿、跌打骨折、软脚症;茎皮纤维可制人造棉、造纸等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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