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Dinghushan | Family List | Asclepiadaceae | Gymnema

Gymnema inodorum (Lour.) Decne.

广东匙羹藤

Description from Flora of China

Cynanchum inodorum Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 166. 1790; Bidaria inodora (Loureiro) Decaisne; B. tingens (Roxburgh ex Sprengel) Decaisne; Gymnema tingens Roxburgh ex Sprengel.

Lianas to 10 m. Stems glabrous; young branchlets pale gray, lenticellate, puberulent. Petiole 2-6 cm; leaf blade membranous, ovate-oblong to ovate or broadly ovate, 4-13 × 2-9 cm, glabrous or thin puberulent along veins, base rounded to shallowly cordate, apex acuminate to caudate; lateral veins 4-6 pairs. Inflorescences eventually racemelike with sessile umbel-like cymes arranged in spiral, up to 4 cm; peduncle 1-2 cm. Pedicel 1-1.5 cm. Sepals oblong, 2-3 × 1.4 mm, shorter than corolla tube, puberulent, ciliate. Corolla yellow, 6-7 mm, minutely puberulent outside; tube cylindric, glabrous except for longitudinal bands of stiff hairs alternating with lobes; lobes oblong, 3-4 × 1.6-1.8 mm, apex rounded, glabrous except for ciliate margin. Pollinia oblong. Stigma head dome-shaped, exserted from corolla tube. Follicles lanceolate in outline, up to 16 × 3 cm, wall thick and slightly fibrous, glabrous. Seeds ca. 1.5 × 1 cm; coma ca. 4 cm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jun-Dec.

All parts are used medicinally for infantile paralysis and pulmonary tuberculosis.

Bushland, open woods; 200-1000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [India, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam]

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质藤本;

花期: 6

生境: 生于旷野灌丛中

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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