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Dinghushan | Family List | Verbenaceae | Verbena

Verbena officinalis L.

马鞭草

Description from Flora of China

Herbs, annual or weakly perennial, erect, 30-140 cm tall, pubescent to subglabrous. Leaves narrowed into a petiole 0.3-4 cm; leaf blade ovate, obovate, or oblong, 2-8 X 1-5 cm, papery, hirsute especially on abaxial veins, margin coarsely dentate or cut to sometimes deeply pinnatifid or lobed. Spikes long, slender; bracts as long as calyx. Calyx 1-4 mm, pubescent, glandular. Corolla blue to pink, (2-)4-8 mm, pubescent. Ovary glabrous. Nutlets oblong, ca. 2 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct. 2n = 14.

Grassy places on mountain slopes; 100-1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [worldwide weed in temperate zones and tropics].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;茎四方形,叶深裂,两面有粗毛,穗状花序伸长

花期: 夏秋

生境: 生于屋旁或旷地

用途: 全草药用,清热解毒、凉血散瘀、利尿消肿,治高热、痢疾、、经闭、产后瘀血、水肿、痈疖等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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