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Dinghushan | Family List | Verbenaceae | Vitex

Vitex negundo L.

黄荆

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs or small trees. Branchlets densely gray tomen-tose. Leaves 3-7-foliolate; central leaflet distinctly petiolulate. Calyx campanulate, 5-dentate, gray tomentose. Corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed, outside puberulent. Stamens exserted. Ovary subglabrous.

Fiber, medicinal.

100-3200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan; E Africa, S and SE Asia, Pacific Islands]

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;枝四方形,有灰色柔毛,掌状复叶,小叶5片,间有3片,小叶全缘或有少数粗锯齿,背面有灰白色细绒毛;花冠淡紫色

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于平地田边灌丛及见于七星岩

用途: 药用,根祛风除湿、驱蛲虫,叶解表发汗,治久痢、种子行气止咳、镇痛,治感冒、胃痛;又作兽药,治牛膨胀、软脚及猪丹毒等;花及枝叶可提取芳香油,又可熏蚊;种子油可制肥皂;绿肥

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 五指柑


 

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