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Dinghushan | Family List | Verbenaceae | Vitex

Vitex quinata F. N. Will.

山牡荆

Description from Flora of China

Trees 4-12 m tall, evergreen; bark brown. Branchlets pubescent and glandular when young, glabrescent. Leaves 3-5-foliolate; petiole 2.5-6 cm; petiolules 0.5-2 cm; leaflets obovate-elliptic to obovate or oblong to elliptic, thickly papery, both surfaces shiny, abaxially yellow glandular, base cuneate, margin entire or sometimes apically crenulate dentate, apex acuminate, acute, or obtuse; central leaflet 5-20 2.5-8.5 cm. Panicles terminal, lax, 9-18 cm, densely yellowish brown pubescent. Calyx 2-3 mm, rudimentarily dentate, densely yellowish brown pubescent, glandular. Corolla yellowish, 6-8 mm, 2-lipped, 5-lobed, outside pubescent and glandular. Stamens exserted. Ovary glandular. Fruiting calyx truncate. Fruit black, obovoid to globose, ca. 8 mm in diam. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Aug-Sep.

200-1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand]

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 乔木;小叶通常5片,全缘,无毛;花冠黄白色

花期: 7

生境: 生于自然林中

用途: 根药用,止咳定喘、镇痛退热,治气管炎、哮喘等;木材可供建筑等用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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