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Dinghushan | Family List | Labiatae | Agastache

Agastache rugosa (F. et M.) O. Ktze.

藿香

Description from Flora of China

Lophanthus rugosus Fischer & C. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 31. 1835; Elsholtzia monostachya H. Léveillé & Vaniot; L. argyi H. Léveillé ; L. formosanus Hayata.

Stems erect, 0.5-1.5 m tall, to 7-8 mm in diam., finely pubescent upward, branched, base glabrous. Leaves gradually reduced upward; petiole 1.5-3.5 cm; leaf blade cordate-ovate to oblong-lanceolate, 4.5-11 × 3-6.5 cm, adaxially subglabrous, abaxially puberulent, glandular, base cordate or rarely cuneate, margin serrate, apex caudate-acuminate. Spikes compact, cylindric, 2.5-12 × 1.8-2.5 cm; floral leaves lanceolate-linear, less than 5 × 1-2 mm basally, 2-3 mm apically; peduncles of cymes ca. 3 mm. Calyx ± purplish or purple-red, tubular-obconical, ca. 8 × 2 mm, glandular puberulent, yellow glandular, throat slightly oblique; teeth triangular-lanceolate, 3 posterior teeth ca. 2.2 mm, 2 anterior teeth slightly shorter. Corolla purplish blue, ca. 8 mm, puberulent outside; tube base ca. 1.2 mm wide, slightly exserted, gradually dilated to ca. 3 mm wide at throat; upper lip straight, apex emarginate; middle lobe of lower lip larger, ca. 2 × 3.5 mm, spreading, margin undulate; lateral lobes semicircular. Ovary apex tomentose. Nutlets brown, ovoid-oblong, ca. 1.8 × 1.1 mm, adaxially ribbed, apically hirtellous. Fl. Jun-Sep, fr. Sep-Nov.

Used medicinally for abdominal pain and as the source of an essential oil.

Widely distributed, but cultivated as a medicinal plant in China [Japan, Korea, Russia; North America]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 多年生草本;茎叶无毛,或有疏短细毛,叶背有凹陷腺点;花序顶生,花冠淡紫蓝色

花期: 夏月

生境: 栽培

用途: 全草药用,清暑化湿、和胃止呕,治暑湿发热、头痛呕吐、胸闷腹泻、风湿骨痛、皮肤湿疹等;茎叶提取芳香油,调合香精原料;种子油供制肥皂、油漆等用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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Flora of China  
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