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Dinghushan | Family List | Labiatae | Perilla

Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.

紫苏

Description from Flora of China

Herbs erect. Stems 0.3-2 m tall, green or purple, finely pilose or densely villous. Petiole 3-5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to circular, 4.5-13 × 2.8-10 cm, green, purplish, or purple-black, pilose or adaxially pilose, abaxially appressed villous, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin narrowly to coarsely serrate, apex short acuminate or mucronate. Verticillasters 1.5-15 cm, densely villous; bracts ca. 4 × 4 mm, short acuminate, red-brown glandular. Pedicel ca. 1.5 mm, densely villous. Calyx ca. 3 mm, erect, base villous, yellow glandular, lower lip longer than upper lip; fruiting calyx 4-11 mm, base villous or pilose, glandular. Corolla 3-4 mm, slightly puberulent, tube 2-2.5 mm. Nutlets gray-brown or tawny, 1-1.5 mm in diam. Fl. Aug-Nov, fr. Aug-Dec.

Waste areas, cultivated in gardens. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia (Java), Japan, Korea, Laos, Vietnam]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生直立草本;

花期: 夏秋月

生境: 生于屋旁荒芜地

用途: 全株药用,叶治风寒感冒、鱼蟹中毒、吐泻,又可供食用调味,枝治胎动不安;种子治咳喘痰多;全株又用兽药,治牛咳嗽、水泻等症;枝叶可提芳香油,用于调合料和糖果食品香料;种子油供工业及食用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 白苏


 

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