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Dinghushan | Family List | Labiatae | Perilla

Perilla frutescens var. crispa Decne.


Description from Flora of China

Perilla ocymoides Linnaeus var. crispa Bentham, Prodr. 12: 164. 1848; Dentidia nankinensis Loureiro; D. purpurascens Persoon; D. purpurea Poiret; Mentha reticulosa Hance; Ocimum crispum Thunberg; Perilla arguta Bentham; Perilla frutescens var. arguta (Bentham) Handel-Mazzetti; Perilla frutescens var. crispa (Thunberg) Handel-Mazzetti (1939); Perilla frutescens var. nankinensis (Loureiro) Britton; Perilla frutescens var. crispa Deane; Perilla nankinensis (Loureiro) Decaisne; Plectranthus nankinensis (Loureiro) Sprengel.

Leaves narrowly serrate, purple.

Leaves and flower clusters used as a condiment or salted and eaten. Leaves give a purplish red tint to salted fruits of Prunus mume. Cotyledons of seedlings also used as a condiment.

The nomenclature of this taxon is complex and depends on the interpretation of Bailey (1924). The oldest epithet at the specific rank is Ocimum crispum Thunberg (1784). The oldest epithet at the varietal rank is Perilla ocymoides var. crispa Bentham (1848) which is based on different material. This epithet should have been taken up by Britton (1894) who cited Bentham's taxon under his Perilla frutescens var. nankinensis based on Dentidia nankinensis Loureiro (1790), thus making that name illegitimate. Bailey ascribes the name taken up to Deane who gives a description and cites "var. nankinensis Bailey." It seems best to accept this as a reference to var. nankinensis Britton and thus indirectly to Bentham. If this is not done, then Deane's name must be accepted as new and ascribed directly to him.

Widely cultivated in China [Japan]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 同紫苏,但本种的叶具狭而深的锯齿

生境: 同紫苏,见于水坑坑村旁

用途: 同紫苏,全株药用,叶治风寒感冒、鱼蟹中毒、吐泻,又可供食用调味,枝治胎动不安;种子治咳喘痰多;全株又用兽药,治牛咳嗽、水泻等症;枝叶可提芳香油,用于调合料和糖果食品香料;种子油供工业及食用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


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