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Dinghushan | Family List | Labiatae | Scutellaria

Scutellaria indica L.

韩信草

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs perennial. Stems dark purple, 1 to few, 8-28 cm tall, ascending-erect, ca. 1-1.2 mm in diam., hairy especially on angles and apex. Petiole 0.4-1.4(-2.8) cm; leaf blade 0.8-2.6(-3) × 0.8-2.3 cm, base truncate to cuneate, margin crenate, apex rounded to acute. Racemes terminal, 2-8(-12) cm; bracts sessile, 3-6 × 1-2.5 mm, margin entire, basal ones leaflike, ovate, to 1.7 cm, puberulent, margin crenate. Pedicel 2.5-3 mm, puberulent. Calyx ca. 2.5 mm, hirsute, puberulent; scutellum ca. 1.5 mm, erect, dilated to 3 mm in fruit. Corolla blue-purple, 1-1.8 cm, sparsely puberulent outside, pubescent on lips inside, to ca. 4.5 mm wide at throat; middle lobe of lower lip dark purple spotted, circular-ovate, slightly constricted at middle, apex emarginate; lateral lobes ovate. Nutlets chestnut to dark brown, ovoid, ca. 1 × less than 1 mm, tuberculate, tubercles acuminate with a minute apical whorl of hooks, adaxially umbonate near base. Fl. and fr. Feb-Jun.

Hillsides, grasslands, open rocky areas, roadsides, sparse forests; 0-1500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;茎叶被柔毛,叶卵形;花冠白色带紫斑

花期: 冬春

生境: 生于林缘、路旁、旷地

用途: 全草药用,舒筋活络、散瘀止痛、利湿,治跌打、四肢麻木、黄疸、蛇伤等症;又作兽药

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 耳挖草


 

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