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Dinghushan | Family List | Labiatae | Teucrium

Teucrium quadrifarium Buch.-Ham.

铁轴草

Description from Flora of China

Teucrium fortunei Bentham; T. fulvoaureum H. Léveillé; T. fulvum Hance; T. kouytchouense H. Léveillé.

Subshrubs. Stems erect, 30-110 cm tall, subterete, densely golden yellow, rusty villous, purple villous, or upwardly strigose. Petiole absent or to 1 cm; leaf blade ovate to oblong-ovate, 3-7.5 × 1.5-4 cm, adaxially appressed pubescent, abaxially gray tomentose to densely pubescent except villous or strigose on veins, base subcordate to truncate, margin double serrate to double crenate, apex obtuse to acute. Spikes on main stems and branches of apical 1/3 of plant, in panicles; verticillasters, usually close together; bracts 4-8 × 2-4 mm, sparsely villous, apically acuminate to caudate-acuminate. Calyx campanulate, 4-5 × 2 mm, villous or pubescent outside, pilose annulate at throat; middle tooth of upper lip obovate-oblate, lateral teeth triangular, teeth of lower lip lanceolate. Corolla reddish, 1.2-1.3 cm, sparsely pubescent and yellowish glandular outside, white puberulent on lower part of limb inside, tube ca. 1/3 as long as corolla; middle lobe of limb obovate-subcircular, less than 1/2 as long as limb, lateral lobes ovate-oblong, posterior lobes reflexed. Nutlets dark brown, obovate-subglobose, ca. 1 mm, netted on back. Fl. Jul-Sep.

Used medicinally.

Open slopes, forests, thickets; 400-2400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Yunnan [India, Indonesia (Sumatra), N Myanmar, Nepal]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 直立亚灌木草本;茎叶密被柔毛,叶长卵形,边缘有锯齿;花序顶生,花萼喉部内有毛环,花冠紫红色

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于林下或山坡灌丛中

用途: 全草药用,清热解毒、止痛,治感冒头痛、跌打

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 山薄荷


 

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Flora of China  
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