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Dinghushan | Family List | Solanaceae | Datura

Datura metel L.


Description from Flora of China

Datura alba Nees; D. fastuosa Linnaeus; D. fastuosa var. alba (Nees) C. B. Clarke.

Herbs annual, 0.5-1.5 m tall, glabrescent. Stems often dark violet. Petiole 2-6 cm; leaf blade ovate or broadly ovate, 5-20 × 4-l5 cm, membranous, glabrescent, base truncate or cuneate, asymmetrical, margin irregularly sinuate-dentate, lobed, or entire, apex acuminate; veins 4-6 pairs. Flowers erect. Pedicel ca. 1 cm. Calyx tubular, 4-9 cm. Corolla white, yellowish, or pale purple, funnelform, sometimes doubled or tripled, 14-20 cm; limb 6-10 cm in diam.; lobes elongate. Anthers 1-1.2 cm. Capsules deflexed, subglobose, ca. 3 cm in diam., tuberculate, irregularly 4-valved, subtended by remnants of persistent calyx. Seeds pale brown, reniform-discoid, ca. 3 mm in diam. Fl. and fr. Mar-Dec.

Whole plant, especially seeds, toxic. The flowers are used as an anaesthetic.

Grassy and sunny slopes, near houses, also commonly cultivated in many cities; 1200-2100 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [native of the Americas, long introduced and naturalized in Asia]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 草本或亚灌木;

花期: 全年

果期: 全年

生境: 生于村旁或荒地

用途: 花、果、叶有麻醉止痛、除风湿、平喘之效;作麻醉镇 痛剂;治哮喘、肌肉麻木、风湿、跌打、恶疮、蛇伤等;又作兽药及农药。全株有剧毒、用时宜慎!

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 闹洋花


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