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Dinghushan | Family List | Solanaceae | Solanum

Solanum tuberosum L.

马铃薯

Description from Flora of China

Herbs erect or sprawling, 30-80 cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with simple and glandular hairs. Stolons bearing underground tubers; tubers white, red, or purplish, globose, oblate, or elliptic, 3-10 cm in diam., fleshy. Leaves interruptedly odd-pinnate, with 6-8 pairs of leaflets and smaller, unequal interstitial leaflets; petiole 2.5-5 cm; leaflet blade ovate or oblong, mostly sparingly pilose. Inflorescences appearing terminal, leaf opposed, or axillary, many-flowered, sparingly branched panicles. Pedicel articulate near middle, 1-2 cm. Calyx sparsely pubescent; lobes lanceolate. Corolla white, pink, or blue-purple, sometimes all on 1 plant, rotate, 2.5-3 cm in diam.; lobes deltate, ca. 5 mm. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers 5-6 mm. Ovary glabrous. Style ca. 8 mm. Berry green or yellowish green, often striped, globose, smooth, ca. 1.5 cm in diam. Fl. and fr. summer and autumn.

Widely cultivated throughout China, also in other temperate regions of the world [Native to South America]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 草本;

花期: 夏月

生境: 栽培

用途: 块茎为蔬菜;又作淀粉工业原料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 土豆


 

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