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Dinghushan | Family List | Scrophulariaceae | Lindernia

Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Penn.

刺齿泥花草

Description from Flora of China

Gratiola ciliata Colsmann, Prodr. Descr. Gratiol. 14. 1793; Bonnaya brachiataLink & Otto; Gratiola serrata Roxburgh; Ilysanthes serrata (Roxburgh) Urban; Vandellia ciliata (Colsmann) T. Yamazaki.

Annuals, to 20 cm tall. Stems erect or diffuse, much branched; branches decumbent, sometimes rooting from last node. Leaves sessile or short petiolate; leaf blade oblong to lanceolate-oblong, 0.7-4.5 X 0.3-1.2 cm, glabrous, base amplexicaul, margin densely aristate-serrate, apex acute to obtuse. Racemes terminal; bracts lanceolate, ca. 1/2 as long as pedicels. Calyx ca. 5 mm, lobed to base; lobes narrowly lanceolate, with a spinelike tip. Corolla light purple or white, ca. 7 mm; tube to 4.5 mm; lower lip almost as long as upper lip, often unequally 3-lobed, middle lobe larger than other lobes; upper lip ovate; lobe apices rounded. Fertile stamens 2, posterior; reduced stamens 2, anterior, forming prominent plaits on base of lower lip. Style as long as fertile stamens. Capsule cylindric, ca. 3 X as long as persistent calyx, apex mucronate. Seeds irregularly triangular. Fl. and fr. summer-winter.

Used medicinally.

Moist places, rice fields, grassland, wastelands, trailsides; ca. 1300 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, SE Xizang, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Vietnam; N Australia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 矮小,直立或披散草本;

花期: 夏至冬季

果期: 夏至冬季

生境: 生于空旷或田边湿润处

用途: 全草药用,消肿拔毒、止血生肌,治蛇头指、疮疖肿毒、刀伤出血等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 齿叶泥花草


 

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Flora of China  
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