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Dinghushan | Family List | Scrophulariaceae | Striga

Striga asiatica (L.) O. Ktze.

独角金

Description from Flora of China

Buchnera asiatica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 630. 1753; Striga asiatica var. humilis (Bentham) D. Y. Hong; S. hirsuta Bentham; S. hirsuta var. humilis Bentham; S. lutea Loureiro.

Annuals, 10-20(-30) cm tall, entirely hirsute. Stems erect, 1, rarely branched. Leaf blade linear to narrowly lanceolate, 5-20 X 1-4 mm, sometimes reduced to scales. Flowers axillary, solitary or in a spike upward. Calyx 4-8 mm, 10-ribbed; lobes 5, as long as tube, subulate. Corolla usually yellow, rarely red or white; tube 0.8-1.5 cm, apically strongly curved; upper lip 2-lobed. Capsule ovoid, enveloped in persistent calyx. Fl. autumn.

The whole plant is used for treating intestinal parasites. This species is harmful to crops, particularly to sugar cane.

Crop fields, waste grasslands; below 800 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, America].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生、直立小草本;

花期: 4--10

果期: 4--10

生境: 生于旱坡、路旁草地

用途: 全草治小儿疳积、黄疸型肝炎、食积腹泻等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 疳积草


 

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