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Dinghushan | Family List | Cucurbitaceae | Citrullus

Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Mats. et Nakai

西瓜

Description from Flora of China

Momordica lanata Thunberg, Prodr. Pl. Cap. 13. 1794; Citrullus colocynthis Schrader var. lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai; C. edulis Spach; C. vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher; Colocynthis citrullus (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Cucumis citrullus (Linnaeus) Seringe; Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus.

Plants annual. Stem and branches robust, sulcate-angular, villous. Tendrils puberulent, 2-fid. Petiole 3-12 cm, densely pubescent; leaf blade white-green, triangulate-ovate, 8-20 × 5-15 cm, both surfaces hispid, 3-partite; segments lobulate, base cordate, sinus semicircular, apex acute or acuminate. Flowers solitary. Male flowers: pedicel 3-4 cm, villous; calyx tube densely villous; segments narrowly lanceolate, 2-3 mm; corolla pale yellow, 2.5-3 cm in diam.; segments ovate-oblong, 1-1.5 × 0.5-0.8 cm; stamens nearly free. Female flowers: calyx and corolla as in male flowers; ovary 5-8 mm, densely villous; stigmas 3, reniform. Fruit globose or oblong, smooth. Seeds numerous, color various, ovate, 1-1.5 × 0.5-0.8 cm. Fl. and fr. Apr-Oct.

The fruit are important "water fruit" in summer; the seeds contain edible oil; the fruit coat is used medicinally.

Commonly cultivated in China [native to S Africa; cultivated in all warmer areas of the world].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 一年生藤本;

花期: 3

果期: 夏季

生境: 栽培

用途: 水果;种子(瓜子)食用;果皮清热利水、解暑,治肾炎浮肿、糖尿病、小便不利、暑热烦渴、解酒毒;瓜藤煎饮治瓜藤疮,又可作造纸及人造丝原料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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