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Dinghushan | Family List | Compositae | Centipeda

Centipeda minima (L.) A. Br. et Aschers.


Description from Flora of China

Artemisia minima Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 849. 1753; A. orbicularis (Loureiro) Roxburgh; A. sternutatoria Roxburgh; Centipeda minima var. lanuginosa (Candolle) Domin; C. minuta (G. Forster) Bentham ex C. B. Clarke; C. orbicularis Loureiro; C. orbicularis var. lanuginosa (Candolle) F. M. Bailey; Cotula minima (Linnaeus) Willdenow; C. minuta G. Forster; C. sternutatoria (Roxburgh) Wallich ex Candolle; Dichrocephala minima (Linnaeus) Bojer; Grangea minuta (G. Forster) Poiret; Myriogyne minima (Linnaeus) Lessing ex Seemann; M. minuta (G. Forster) Lessing; M. minuta var. lanuginosa Candolle; Sphaeromorphaea centipeda Candolle, nom. illeg. superfl.; S. russelliana Candolle var. glabrata Candolle.

Prostrate or ascending, slender, leafy herb, sparsely lanate to subglabrous, usually with a mixture of white cottony and coarser multicellular hairs. Branches many, spreading from root, 8-20 cm. Leaf blade oblong-obovate to spatulate, 3-12(-27) × 1.5-4(-11) mm, glabrescent to moderately cottony, margins with a few, coarse teeth. Capitula leaf-opposed or apparently axillary, solitary, sessile or subsessile, rounded, 1.5-2.5(-5) mm in diam. Phyllaries obovate, ca. 1 mm, margins membranous, erose. Female corollas 0.2-0.4 mm. Bisexual florets 8-14, often purplish. Achenes narrowly cuneate, 0.6-1 mm, tipped with persistent style, angles 4 or 5, with short, ascending bristles, continued virtually to truncate apex; faces often each with a line of sessile glands.

The Chinese material belongs to Centipeda minima subsp. minima. The second subspecies, C. minima subsp. macrocephala N. G. Wilson, is restricted to Australia.

Centipeda minima is widely used in traditional medicine.

Disturbed habitats; below 1500(-2500) m. Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Thailand; Australia, Pacific islands (Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa)].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生、矮小匍匐、分枝草本;

花期: 1至5月

生境: 生于田边、屋旁低湿地、

用途: 全草药用,通窍、散寒、祛风消肿、活血解毒,治鼻炎、扁桃腺炎、跌打、风湿性腰腿痛、蛇伤、疖肿等;又作兽药

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 鹅不食草、球子草


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