All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
Dinghushan | Family List | Compositae | Cirsium

Cirsium japonicum DC.

大蓟

Description from Flora of China

Carduus japonicus (Candolle) Franchet; Cirsium belingschanicum Petrak; C. bodinieri (Vaniot) H. Léveillé; C. cerberus (Vaniot) H. Léveillé; C. hainanense Masamune; C. japonicum var. australe Kitamura; C. japonicum var. fukienense Kitamura; C. japonicum var. intermedium (Maximowicz) Matsumura; C. japonicum var. takaoense Kitamura; C. kiusianum Nakai; C. lacinulatum Nakai; C. maackii Maximowicz var. intermedium (Maximowicz) Nakai; C. maackii var. kiusianum (Nakai) Nakai; C. senile Nakai; C. smithianum Petrak; Cnicus bodinieri Vaniot; C. cerberus Vaniot; C. japonicus (Candolle) Maximowicz; C. japonicus var. intermedius Maximowicz.

Herbs 30-80(-150) cm tall, perennial. Roots tuberous, fusiform. Stems grayish white, erect, unbranched or branched above, ribbed, unwinged, with sparse to dense long multicellular hairs mixed with dense felt under capitula. Leaves concolorous, green, with sparse multicellular hairs along veins or glabrous, surface smooth. Basal leaves present at anthesis, with winged petiole, wing spiny or with spiny teeth; leaf blade ovate, obovate, or ± narrowly elliptic, 8-20 × 2.5-8 cm, pinnately divided; segments 6-12 pairs, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic, ± narrowly triangular, or triangular-lanceolate, toothed, teeth with marginal and 2-6 mm apical spines; terminal segment largest, lanceolate to narrowly triangular. Lower and middle cauline leaves similar but sessile, gradually smaller upward, semiamplexicaul. Capitula solitary or few, clustered at end of stem, erect or rarely nodding. Involucre campanulate, ca. 3 cm in diam., glabrous or sparsely cobwebby. Phyllaries imbricate, in ca. 6 rows, lacking marginal spinules, wings, and scarious appendage, abaxially with a dark resinous gland; outer and middle phyllaries triangular to narrowly triangular, 8-13 × 3-3.5 mm, narrowed into a 1-2 mm spine; inner phyllaries lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 1.5-2 × 0.2-0.3 cm, apex acuminate and softly spiny. Florets bisexual. Corolla red to purple, ca. 2.1 cm, tube ca. 9 mm. Achene ca. 4 mm. Pappus bristles pale brown, ca. 2 cm. Fl. and fr. Apr-Nov.

Forests, forest margins, thickets, grasslands, wastelands, farmlands, roadsides, streamsides; 400-2100 m. Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, S Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, NE Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia (Far East), Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 草本;

花期: 3--6

生境: 生于鸡笼山顶草地

用途: 全草凉血止血、破血行瘀、利水消肿,治各种出血、疮疥肿毒,黄疸肝炎、乳腺炎等;嫩茎叶可食

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 山萝卜


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |