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Dinghushan | Family List | Compositae | Eupatorium

Eupatorium fortunei Turcz.

佩兰

Description from Flora of China

Eupatorium caespitosum Migo; E. chinense Linnaeus var. tripartitum Miquel; E. fortunei var. angustilobum Y. Ling; E. stoechadosmum Hance.

Herbs, perennial, 40-100 cm tall. Rhizomes procumbent, reddish brown. Stems erect, green or reddish purple, few branched or apically synflorescence branched, sparsely puberulent, more densely on synflorescences and peduncles. Median stem leaves large, 3-sect or 3-partite; petiole 0.7-1 cm; terminal lobe large, narrowly elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, or oblanceolate, 5-10 × 1.5-2.5 cm, apex acuminate; lateral lobes identical to terminal lobe but smaller, pinnately veined; margin coarsely toothed or irregularly finely toothed; lower stem leaves gradually smaller; radical leaves withered by anthesis. Capitula numerous in apical compound corymbs; synflorescence 3-6(-10) cm in diam. Involucre campanulate, 6-7 cm; phyllaries 2- or 3-seriate, imbricate, outer phyllaries short, ovate-lanceolate; median and inner phyllaries gradually longer, narrowly elliptic, ca. 7 mm; all phyllaries purple-red, without hairs and glands, apex obtuse; corollas white or reddish, ca. 5 mm, eglandular. Achenes black-brown, elliptic, 3-4 mm, 5-angled, glabrous and eglandular; pappus white, ca. 5 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Nov. 2n = 40.

The whole plant of Eupatorium fortunei is fragrant like Lavandula angustifolia Miller when crushed.

The plant is used medicinally The fragrant stems and leaves are used for making fragrant oils.

Rare as a wild plant, but commonly cultivated, usually in thickets or roadside ditches; ca. 2000 m. ?Anhui, ?Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [?introduced in Japan, Korea, N Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 多年生草本;嫩枝被短柔毛,叶对生,披针形,边缘有锐锯齿,中部的叶通常3全裂;花冠淡红或白色

花期: 11

生境: 栽培

用途: 全草药用,有醒脾化湿、行血散瘀、通经之效,治发热头重、胸闷腹胀、食欲不振、月经不调、白带白浊、胃痛、跌打肿痛等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 兰草


 

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