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Dinghushan | Family List | Compositae | Vernonia

Vernonia solanifolia Benth.

斑鸠菊

Description from Flora of China

Gymnanthemum solanifolium (Bentham) H. Robinson; Strobocalyx solanifolia (Bentham) Schultz Bipontinus; Vernonia fortunei Schultz Bipontinus.

Erect shrubs or trees, 8-12 m tall. Branches sometimes scandent, terete, fulvous or yellowish tomentose. Petiole 10-25 mm, densely tomentose; leaf blade ovate-oblong, 6-16 × 4-9 cm, abaxially scabrid, sparsely adpressed hispidulous, ± glabrescent, glandular, adaxially densely yellowish tomentose, lateral veins 7-9-paired, veinlets rather parallel and reticulate, base ± oblique, margin entire, shallowly repand, or laxly obtusely dentate, apex sometimes truncate. Synflorescences terminal, panicles flat-topped, up to 20 cm wide, leafy. Capitula many, small, 5-6 mm in diam.; peduncles 4-6 mm, densely tomentose. Involucre hemispheric, 4-5 mm wide; phyllaries 4- or 5-seriate, ovate, elliptic, or oblong, 2-6 mm, yellowish tomentose, apex obtuse. Receptacle flat, areolate. Florets ca. 10; corolla pink or purplish, fragrant, tubular, ca. 6 mm, with slender tube and narrowly campanulate limb; lobes linear-lanceolate, glandular, apically white puberulent. Achenes rather compressed, 2-2.5 mm, 4- or 5-angled, glabrous. Pappus 2-seriate, yellowish; outer setae very short; inner setae scabridulous.

Vernonia solanifolia is used medicinally for treating carbuncle of the abdomen, intestinal pains, and eruptive diseases.

Open forests in valleys, climbing on trees; 500-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, N Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 攀援状灌木或木质藤本;

花期: 2--3

生境: 生于灌丛或林中

用途: 全株治腹痛、劳伤吐血、脾湿水肿、痈疮肿痛、肠炎、痧气等;又作兽药治牛风湿软脚、热性病、咽喉肿痛

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 斑鸠木、茄叶斑鸠菊、苦伤根


 

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