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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Capillipedium

Capillipedium assimile (Steud.) A. Camus

硬杆子草

Description from Flora of China

Andropogon assimilis Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 397. 1854; A. glaucopsis Steudel; A. subrepens Steudel; Bothrio-chloa assimilis (Steudel) Ohwi; B. picta Ohwi; Capillipedium glaucopsis (Steudel) Stapf; Dichanthium assimile (Steudel) Deshpande.

Perennial, often straggling. Culms decumbent and rooting at base, woody, 1.5–3.5 m tall, 1.5–5 mm in diam., fastigiately branched, nodes glabrous or pubescent. Leaf sheaths glabrous, bearded at mouth; leaf blades linear-lanceolate, 6–15 × 0.3–0.6 cm, glabrous or hispidulous, base tapering, apex setaceously acuminate; ligule ca. 0.7 mm. Panicle pyramidal, 5–12 × ca. 4 cm; branches pilose in axils; racemes composed of triads, sometimes with 1 or 2 additional spikelet pairs, greenish or pinkish; rachis internodes and pedicels long ciliate. Sessile spikelet 2.1–2.9 mm; lower glume elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, back 2–5-veined, slightly convex, glossy, glabrous or hispidulous, upper margins keeled, ciliate-hispid; upper glume ciliate along margins; awn of upper lemma 0.6–1.5 cm. Pedicelled spikelet linear-lanceolate, up to twice length of sessile spikelet. Fl. and fr. Aug–Dec. 2n = 40.

This grass is said to have the appearance of a small bamboo. It differs from the other common species, Capillipedium parviflorum, by its taller, woody, fasciculately branching culms, shorter leaf blades with narrowed base, smaller sessile spikelets, and pedicels ciliate along the length of both margins.

Streams, forests, or mountain slopes. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;秆坚硬多分枝

花期: 9--11

果期: 9--11

生境: 生于林中、村旁、旷野湿润处

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 竹枝细柄草


 

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