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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Cynodon

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

狗牙根

Description from Flora of China

Perennial, stoloniferous, also with slender scaly rhizomes, sward forming. Culms slender, 10–40 cm tall. Leaf sheaths bearded at mouth, otherwise glabrous or thinly pilose; leaf blades linear, short and narrow, 1–12 cm, 1–4 mm wide, usually glabrous, apex subacute; ligule a line of hairs. Racemes digitate, (2–)3–6, 2–6 cm, straight or gently curved, rather stiff, spreading; spikelets overlapping by 1/2–2/3 their length. Spikelets 2–2.7 mm; rachilla extension ca. 1 mm, sometimes with minute rudimentary floret at apex; glumes linear-lanceolate, often purplish, usually more than half as long as floret, 1.5–2 mm, 1-veined, keel scabrous, thickened; lemma as long as spikelet, silky villous along keel, hairs straight, otherwise glabrous or lateral veins thinly villous, apex subacute; palea glabrous, keels scaberulous. Anthers more than 1 mm. Caryopsis subterete, scarcely laterally compressed. Fl. and fr. nearly all the year. 2n = 18, 36.

This is the most widely used lawn grass in warm parts of the world, and it is also an important pasture grass (Bermuda Grass). It is extremely variable and it will readily hybridize with some other Cynodon species.

Open disturbed situations, roadsides, field margins, cultivated as a lawn grass; sea level to 2500 m. Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [tropical and warm-temperate regions of the world].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;

花期: 4--10

生境: 生于田边、路旁、堤岸和草地

用途: 根茎药用,有清血、查炎、下疮毒、壮筋骨之效;优良牧草,又可作草坪覆盖及水土保持植物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 绊根草


 

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