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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Eleusine

Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

牛筋草

Description from Flora of China

Cynosurus indicus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 72. 1753.

Annual. Culms tufted, erect or geniculate at base, 10–90 cm tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous or tuberculate-pilose; leaf blades flat or folded, 10–15 × 0.3–0.5 cm, glabrous or adaxial surface tuberculate-pilose; ligule ca. 1 mm, membranous, at most sparsely ciliolate. Inflorescence digitate, racemes (1–)2–7, linear, ascending, 3–10 × 0.3–0.5 cm, one raceme often set below the rest. Spikelets elliptic, 4–7 mm, florets 3–9; glumes lanceolate, scabrid along keel; lower glume 1-veined, 1.5–2 mm; upper glume with small additional veins in the thickened keel, 2–3 mm; lemmas ovate, 2–4 mm, keel with small additional veins, acute; palea keels winged. Grain blackish, oblong or ovate, obliquely striate with fine close lines running vertically between the striae. Fl. and fr. Jun–Oct. 2n = 18.

This pantropical, annual weed is a forage grass and is used for Chinese medicine.

Disturbed places, roadsides. Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Sichuan, Taiwan, Tianjin, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [tropics and subtropics].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生簇生草本;

花期: 夏秋

果期: 夏秋

生境: 生于路旁或旷野湿润草地

用途: 全草药用,清热解毒、利水、补虚,治湿热黄疸、肠胃炎、淋浊及预防乙型脑炎等;兽药用治牛软脚症;又可作造纸、饲料及固土植物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 蟋蟀草


 

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