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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Leersia

Leersia hexandra Sw.

假稻

Description from Flora of China

Leersia australis R. Brown; L. parviflora Desvaux.

Perennial with well-developed stolons and slender rhizomes. Culms decumbent, rooting at lower nodes, erect shoots up to 50 cm or more tall, nodes retrorsely pubescent. Leaf sheaths shorter than internodes, smooth or scabrid; leaf blades flat or sometimes rolled, 5–12 × 0.3–0.6 cm, abaxial surface scabrid on midrib, base contracted, apex sharply acute; ligule 1–3 mm, truncate. Panicle lanceolate-oblong in outline, 5–10 cm, exserted; branches inserted singly, ascending, 4–5 cm, unbranched, slenderly terete or triquetrous, densely clothed to near base with closely overlapping spikelets. Spikelets narrowly elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 3–4 mm, pale green or purple tinged; lemma conspicuously pectinate-hispid on keel, lateral veins and sometimes surface sparsely spinulose, margins shortly hispid, apex contracted into a short obtuse beak. Stamens 6, anthers 2–2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. May–Dec. 2n = 24, 48.

This is a serious weed of rice fields in tropical regions.

Slow-moving shallow water of lake margins, ditches, and depressions, marshlands, sometimes forming floating mats. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, America, Australia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;

花期: 夏秋

果期: 夏秋

生境: 生于水边湿地

用途: 稻田有害杂草;可作牛饲料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 蓉草、李氏禾、游草


 

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