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Dinghushan | Family List | Poaceae | Phyllostachys

Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A. et C. Riv.


Description from Flora of China

Phyllostachys bambusoides Siebold & Zuccarini var. aurea (Carrière ex Rivière & C. Rivière) Makino; P. breviligula W. T. Lin & Z. M. Wu; P. formosana Hayata; P. reticulata (Ruprecht) K. Koch var. aurea (Carrière ex Rivière & C. Rivière) Makino.

Culms 5–12 m, 2–5 cm in diam.; internodes 15–30 cm, usually strongly shortened and commonly ventricose at basal nodes, distally inflated for several mm below node at mid-culm and basal nodes, initially white powdery, glabrous; wall 4–8 mm thick; nodal ridge as prominent as sheath scar or slightly more prominent; sheath scar initially fringed with white pubescence. Culm sheaths yellow-green or pale red-brown, becoming straw-colored, with variably sized brown spots, base edged with white pubescence; auricles and oral setae absent; ligule yellow-green, truncate or weakly convex at apex, very short, 1–2 mm, margin longer pale green ciliate; blade reflexed, green, with yellow margins, linear, flat or crinkled in upper sheaths. Leaves 2 or 3 per ultimate branch; sheath glabrous; auricles and oral setae absent or deciduous; ligule short; blade 6–12 × 1–1.8 cm, abaxially pilose especially near petiole.

Culms with irregular basal internodes are used for walking sticks, umbrella handles, and fishing rods.

* Forests, widely cultivated as an ornamental. Fujian, Zhejiang [introduced into many other countries as an ornamental].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 灌木型;散生;

生境: 见于往白云路旁山坡林中

用途: 笋可食;秆可作手杖、伞柄等用;可供庭园绿化观赏

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 单子叶植物纲

中文别名: 佛肚竹


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